William White & Susanna White-Winslow-Jackson
BAPTIZED: 25 January 1586/7 at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England, son of Edward and Thomasine (Cross)(May) White.
MARRIAGE: Susanna Jackson, about 1614, probably in Amsterdam.
CHILDREN: Resolved and Peregrine.
DEATH: 21 February 1620/1 at Plymouth.
The origins of William White in England were just discovered in 2017 in a collaborative research project by Caleb Johnson, Sue Allan, and Simon Neal. William White was baptized on 25 January 1586/7 at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England, the son of Edward and Thomasine (Cross)(May) White. His mother, Thomasine, was married to John May, and was therefore was also the grandmother to Mayflower passenger Dorothy May.
William's mother Thomasine was buried on 10 November 1591 at Wisbech. His father Edward died about 1594 when he was seven, and he went to live with his maternal grandmother Jacomine and her second husband Thomas Robinson. Thomas Robinson died in 1595, so widow Jacomine raised her grandchildren William (and sister Martha) White. Martha died and was buried at the age of 19 in 1608, and (turning 21 that year) William headed off with his half-siblings Henry and Jacomine May to Amsterdam (he was given permission to reside in Amsterdam in June 1608), where they joined the church congregation of Henry Ainsworth. William White witnessed the marriage of his half-sister Jacomine to Amsterdam printer Jan l'Ecluse on 5 May 1609.
He married Susanna Jackson, daughter of Richard and Mary (Pettinger) Jackson. Susanna was likely born and raised in Scrooby, and her father held a lease for a portion of Scrooby Manor. She may have fled with her father to Amsterdam in 1608, and there married William White.
William and Susanna had their son resolved about 1615, and son Peregrine was born sometime the last three days of November 1620, after arrival and anchorage off Provincetown Harbor, but before the Pilgrims had explored and found Plymouth.
William died the first winter, 21 February 1620/1, on the same day as three other passengers, including William Mullins. His wife Susanna remarried to Edward Winslow a few months later, on 12 May 1621, being the first marriage to occur at Plymouth.
BIRTH: 18 October 1595 at Droitwich, co. Worcester, England, son of Edward and Magdalene (Oliver) Winslow.
BAPTIZED: 20 October 1595 at St. Peter's, Droitwich, co. Worcester, England.
FIRST MARRIAGE: Elizabeth Barker, 16 May 1618, at Leiden, Holland.
SECOND MARRIAGE: Susanna White, widow of William White, on 12 May 1621 at Plymouth.
CHILDREN (all by Susanna): unnamed child who died young; Edward, John, Josiah, and Elizabeth.
DEATH: 8 May 1655 at sea between Hispaniola and Jamaica.
yDNA HAPLOGROUP: I-M253
[This portrait of Edward Winslow was done in London in 1651. It is the only well-authenticated portrait of a Mayflower passenger. It is on display at the Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth.]
This portrait of Edward Winslow was done in London in 1651. It is the only well-authenticated portrait of a Mayflower passenger. It is on display at the Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth.
Edward Winslow was born in Droitwich, co. Worcester in 1595. He was traveling in the Low Countries, and subsequently became acquainted with the Pilgrims' church in Leiden. He was married in Leiden in 1618 to Elizabeth Barker, and was called a printer of London at the time. It is quite possible he was assisting William Brewster and Thomas Brewer in their publishing of religious books that were illegal in England.
Edward Winslow and wife Elizabeth came on the Mayflower to Plymouth in 1620. Elizabeth died the first winter, and Edward remarried to the widowed Mrs. Susanna White, on 12 May 1621--the first marriage in the Plymouth Colony.
Winslow quickly became one of the more prominent men in the colony. He was on many of the early explorations of Cape Cod, and led a number of expeditions to meet and trade with the Indians. He wrote several first-hand accounts of these early years, including portions of A Relation or Journal of the Proceedings of the Plantation Settled at Plymouth (London, 1622) and the entirety of Good News from New England(London, 1624).
[A Mortar and Pestle that is believed to have been owned by Edward Winslow. It is on display at the Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth.]
A Mortar and Pestle that is believed to have been owned by Edward Winslow. It is on display at the Pilgrim Hall Museum in Plymouth.
Edward Winslow became involved in defending the Plymouth and later Massachusetts Bay Colonies from their opponents and adversaries in England, and made several trips back and forth between England and Massachusetts, including trips in 1623/4, 1630, and 1634; on one occasion he was arrested and thrown into the Fleet Prison in London by his adversaries, on grounds that he had performed marriage ceremonies without being ordained (the Pilgrims viewed marriage as an event to be handled by the civil magistrates, not by the Church). Winslow returned to England shortly after the English Civil War, and published a couple of pamphlets in defense of the New England colonies, including Hypocrisy Unmasked (1646) andNew England's Salamander Discovered (1647). He also wrote the introduction to the Glorious Progress of the Gospel Amongst the Indians in New England (1649).
In Plymouth, he held a number of political offices, as was routinely elected an assistant to Governor William Bradford; Winslow himself was elected governor of Plymouth on three occasions: 1632/3, 1635/6, and 1644. After Winslow returned to England, he was on several Parliamentary committees. He died in 1655 at sea between Hispaniola and Jamaica, while serving as a commissioner for Oliver Cromwell on a military expedition to retake the island of Hispaniola.
Copyright Caleb Johnson www.mayflowerhistory.com
The "Early Settlers at Green Harbor Monument" is located in the Winslow Cemetery in Marshfield, Plymouth county, Massachusetts.
Coming 2018 Sue Allan's 'In Search of Pilgrims Dorothy May, William White & Susanna Jackson'
Edward Winslow- Pilgrim Hall